Aquatic Nitrogen Fixers for Fishless Aquaponics Systems. Nitrogen fixing is the way or a process where plants can take up nitrogen from the air and make it absorbable by roots. Plants cannot take nitrogen directly from the air. It first needs to be fixed. The chemical compound is NO3. Or called Nitrate. Nitrate is produced by [...]
Here is a case study using fava beans and wheat as a cover crop. In the fall plant red winter wheat and fava beans in the same area. This case study makes a litter layer for a veggie garden. The same method can be used for native gardens. Just change the cover crop. When harvesting or [...]
In this episode we looking at two Nitrogen Cycles. This is a replacement for chemical pesticides and fungicides. Applications are done as compost teas. And applications are done with Azos bacteria. Nitrogen Cycle part1 from Paul Holowko on Vimeo. For More Information on Nitrogen Cycles, click here. Nitrogen Fixing Cycle Part 2 from Paul [...]
Azotobacteraceae’s purpose is to take food from the plant through the roots, eat it, change it to a protein. Once the protean is released, nitrifying bacteria covert it to a Nitrate. Nitrate is fixed nitrogen. It is the same thing as chemical fertilizer but made by the soil ecosystem. You can buy Azotobacter from any [...]
If you are just starting out in gardening and soil care, or have been doing it for years, you can use this recipes to change what kind of plants you want to grow on the existing neglected soil. These methods will change watering requirements and can improve taste of vegetables in new vegetable gardens. See the following posts [...]
Gardening Rhythms: Advanced Composting Part 2 (2010) (YouTube Part 1) Gardening Rhythms: Advanced Composting Part 2 (2010) (YouTube Part 2) Gardening Rhythms: Advanced Composting Part 2 (2010) (YouTube Part 3)
Gigaspora margarita probably has a worldwide distribution. The holotype of this fungus has been selected from spores recovered from under Glycine max (L.) Merr. growing in a pot culture containing a root x rhizosphere soil mixture of Gly. max cultivated at the Agronomy South Farm of University of Illinois, USA The EELS detected the presence [...]
Glomus clarum is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus used as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture. Its purpose is to increase the surface area of roots for nutrient absorption. The beneficial effect of the mycorrhizal symbiosis on the water status of tomato plants stimulated plant growth.
Glomus mosseaeis an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus used as a soil inoculant a in agriculture and horticultur like soybeans and Cannabis Satvia. It fixes nitrogen for legumes and it helps take up metals out of soils for Cannabis Satvia.
Paenibacillus durum (formaly Clostridium durum) was described by Smith and Cat as the dominant organism in a sediment core from the Black Sea. It digests it and produces NO2. Paenibacillus durum is important in established older gardens where there is a higher count of Protozoan and Nematodes. It fixes nitrogen from NH4 as part of [...]
Azotobacter chroococum is one of many nitrogen fixing species of bacteria found in soils and plants. Their purpose is to take food from the plant through the roots, eat it, change it to a protein. Once the protean is released, nitrifying bacteria covert it to a Nitrate. Nitrate is fixed nitrogen. It is the same [...]
Bacillus polymyxa takes released (NH4) from Protozoan and Nematodes. It digests it and produces NO2. Bacillus polymyxa is important in established older gardens where there is a higher count of Protozoan and Nematodes. It fixes nitrogen from NH4 as part of the predator/prey nitrogen cycle. Download paper (.pdf) Click here to learn more?
In healthy soil there is more than 1,000,000,000 bacterium per cubic CM. Bacteria eats sugars excreted from plant roots and give back nitrogen. Bacteria is food for Protists (single cell organisms, sometimes with small tails, called flagella, and they are part of the nitrogen cycle for older, established landscapes). And Bacteria is food for [...]
Rhizobium Bacteria is part of the nitrogen fixing cycle for Legumes. It has a symbiotic relationship with plants where starches are eaten by the bacteria and the bacteria give back proteins to the host plant. The protein is stored in nodules connected to the roots. For Information on bacterial and mycorrhiza inoculants, click here. [...]
Calculations for Amount of Released Fixed For Information on bacterial and mycorrhiza inoculants, click here. For More Information on Nitrogen Cycles, click here.
Fixed Nitrogen from Nematodes. This nitrogen cycle is mainly appart of late succession plants and forests. For Information on bacterial and mycorrhiza inoculants, click here. For More Information on Nitrogen Cycles, click here.
This is one of the more tricky and interesting Nitrogen Fixing Cycles. The Ammonium comes from the nitrogen eaten of bacteria by nematodes. By default, bacteria bodies have a C:N ratio of 5:1. Bacteria have a very narrow split between Nitrogen and Carbon. Nematodes have a C:N ratio of 100:1. The split between the Nitrogen [...]
Root hairs are thin-walled extensions of the epidermal cells in roots. They provide increased surface area and thus more efficient absorption of water and minerals. Water and dissolved mineral nutrients enter the plant via two routes. Water and selected solutes pass through only the cell membrane of the epidermis of the root hair and then [...]
This cycle exists for converting protists wastes and for synthetic fertilizer absorption by plant roots. Remember synthetic fertilizers are salts. They are made up of NO3NH4. These are two parts to this salt. The NO3 can be directly absorbed into the roots through osmosis. NH4 needs to go through a process of being changed into NO3 [...]
This form of Succession is for new un-developed rock. When a volcano erupts and lava flows out, it cools and forms new rocks. Water gets into the cracks and crevices of the newly form rock and splits them apart. Water and wind erosion does this until we have some form of sand, clay and/or silt. [...]
Gardening Rhythms: Water Catchments Part 1 Gardening Rhythms: Water Catchments Part 2 Gardening Rhythms: How to Install a lake Part 1 Gardening Rhythms: How to Install a lake Part 2 Gardening Rhythms: How to Install a lake Part 3
There are two places where micro-biology dominates in outdoor forest nature. It dominates in the soil in the form of bacteria, protists, fungi, nematodes and etc…. And it dominates on the plant surfaces mainly with fungi and bacteria. Measuring the amounts of each organism is one tool we can use to make plants grow healthier and stronger. [...]